TOURISTS : END THE ABUSE!
REFUSE TO RIDE ELEPHANTS
If you love elephants, please don't ride them!
Visit beautiful India, but if you love elephants, please don’t ride them! Elephants used for tourist rides suffer extreme abuse throughout their lives. They’re beaten, chained, deprived of medical attention, starved, and kept from bonding with other elephants. Wildlife SOS knows YOU could never be a part of such a cruel practice!
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Baby elephants are captured in the wild and "broken."
Baby elephants are poached from the wild, isolated from their mothers, and bound and beaten for months until they’re so terrified of people they’ll do anything to avoid the abuse. This cruel practice even has a name, “phajaan,” or “breaking of the spirit.” Once their spirits are broken, they are traumatized, overworked, and seen only as money makers for decades. Wildlife SOS is committed to eradicating this abusive industry, and it starts with YOU!
Wildlife SOS supports responsible tourism!
Wildlife SOS supports responsible and cruelty-free tourism for our great nation and aims to educate tourists about India’s vast and diverse wildlife in partnership with the Responsible Tourism Society of India.
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Do you know the signs of an abused elephant?
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Wildlife SOS has saved many elephants used for entertainment!
We have rescued dozens of elephants from their abusive owners, so we’ve seen firsthand the chronic untreated wounds, the osteoarthritis and debilitating injuries, the blindness, and elderly elephants forced to labor until their last breath. Elephants like Asha, Holly, Suman, Nut Herd, Mia and Rhea, Rajesh. Read their stories and see how they’re doing now!
As a circus elephant, Maya was forced to balance on her hind legs at the crack of a whip and piercing blows of a bull-hook. When not performing, she would be tightly restrained to the concrete floor which severely affected her joints and rendered her with weak, arthritic limbs. | Read More »
When not performing in a circus, Rajesh lived tethered in a concrete room with inadequate food and water, rendering him weak and emaciated. He was understandably aggressive around humans and displayed stereotypic behaviour such as head bobbing and pacing. | Read More »
Asha was forced to give tourists joy rides at Amer Fort in Rajasthan. The overbearing weight of an iron carrier and the fear of the constant jab of a bull-hook led her to slip, and Asha suffered a broken leg which never received any medical attention. Her leg healed disfigured and arthritic. | Read More »
For six decades, Suzy’s was neglected and paraded as a circus elephant. She was malnourished and emaciated, her petite structure overburdened with the pain and discomfort of her lost vision. Suzy spent most of her life being brutally trained for the entertainment industry. | Read More »
For Rhea, life was a painful cycle of beatings and starvation to control her. She was a circus elephant who spent most of her day performing with a football for an. They were unaware and ignorant of Rhea’s painful life, which included undergoing brutal training to perform tricks. | Read More »
Mia lived most of her life chained in a corner of a confined space. As a circus elephant, Mia suffered brutal training procedures to be able to perform unnatural tricks such as balancing a ball on her trunk or sit on her hind limbs. She was elderly, but still forced to work. | Read More »
The “Nut Herd” are four elephants that suffered throughout their formative years being abused for the entertainment industry. Peanut, the youngest of these four elephants was only six years old. She showed signs of stereotypical distress as she constantly bobed her head. | Read More »
At a time in her geriatric life when she required utmost care and attention, Sita kept performing for a circus. With no rest, she could be seen swaying as she tried to sleep while standing. She would cower at the sight of humans as the painful training broke her spirit. | Read More »
On the bustling streets of Delhi, a megacity infamous for its traffic, ailing Jasmine timidly navigated through the cars. Amidst the glaring horns and disorienting noise, nobody could quite understand the trumpet of an elephant, and yet, nothing could be done to save her. | Read More »
Frequently Asked Questions
Where do these elephants come from?
Most elephants in captivity have been poached from the wild, stolen away from their families as babies, and then sold into cruelty and captivity. While a few of these elephants were bred in captivity, it is extremely difficult to do so because the neglect and abuse elephants face in captivity makes it difficult and often dangerous for them to conceive and give birth. Even if bred in captivity, elephant calves are separated from their mothers much too early and have to undergo the same brutal breaking-in process as wild babies, suffering extreme trauma in the process.
I know people who have ridden elephants and said it was an amazing experience. What’s so terrible about it?
I know people who have ridden elephants for fun and said it was an amazing experience. What’s so terrible about it?:
It may be your dream to ride an elephant, but it is an elephant’s worst nightmare to be ridden. Here’s what goes into making an elephant “rideable”
First, an elephant calf is captured from the wild, tearing it away from its mother and herd — as well as from any chance it has of a free, wild life. This is illegal and can be termed as “poaching.”
The calf is restrained in a small squeeze contraption called a kraal and starved and beaten for months. This brutal “breaking-in process” called katti azhikal or phajaan, is intended to destroy the calf’s natural, willful spirit and to instill so much fear in the young calf that it will allow humans to ride it for fear of suffering the same pain again.
The elephant then spends the rest of its life living in constant fear- beaten frequently and regularly to reinforce the “training”. Furthermore, the elephant then is kept in isolation for all its life with no or little interaction with other elephants. This is psychologically detrimental for the elephant, causing it to become withdrawn and unhappy, and in turn engaging in stereotypic behavior.
Once in captivity, these elephants are often neglected and poorly cared for. They receive little or no veterinary care; their nutrition is compromised and they have restricted access to water. These captive elephants are housed on concrete floors, where they are chained for extended periods of time, often standing in their own dung and urine. This leads to foot rot and many diseases.
The very act of riding is cruel — an elephant’s back was not designed to carry weight and yet the weight of the carrier, the mahout/keeper and the tourists on its back can put an intense amount of pressure on the animal’s spine. These weights can often exceed 200-400 kilograms of the howdah and in addition to it the weight of the mahout and three adult passengers easily exceeds 600 kilograms—causing sores bruises, cuts and deformities in the animal’s back, but most importantly it leads to early arthritis and severe joint pains.
Illegality persists in the elephant riding industry despite strict laws, with owners unashamedly flouting rules and lacking requisite ownership paperwork — taking advantage of the difficulty of enforcement to break all welfare and conservation laws.
How are these elephants trained?
The indoctrination process of a captive elephant is extremely brutal. The animal is caged, or tightly restrained for weeks while people beat it and force it to obey commands — a process known as phajaan (or breaking of the spirit). The objective is to destroy any wild spirit within the elephant, to drive fear into it to the extent that it is too terrified to ever retaliate to make it possible for anyone to ride the elephant, it has to be broken.
Why is it wrong to take away an elephant from its mother?
The maternal bond between an elephant calf and its mother is very strong, and very well documented. An elephant mother fiercely protects her calf and teaches it the social and life skills needed for survival. In the wild, a calf will learn to engage in complex social behavior and problem solving, traits that will enrich him or her mentally. However, in captivity, calves are deprived of this critical bond — and of their chance to learn these important life skills.
Elephants are an endangered species. India, with nearly 60% of the world’s few remaining wild Asian elephants, is the last stronghold of this incredible species in the wild. But their wild numbers still look bleak at merely 22,000 to 27,000 elephants. At this rate of loss, India could lose the entire wild elephant population in the next 5 to 10 years if steps are not taken to conserve and protect them. To lose the few remaining wild elephants to simply abuse them to fuel the tourism industry is not only extremely irresponsible, but it could also spell doom for the entire species.
How are these elephants trained to give rides to tourists?
The indoctrination process of a captive elephant is extremely cruel. The animal is tightly restrained for months while people beat it and force it to obey commands — as we said, it’s a process they even named: phajaan, or breaking of the spirit. The objective of this process is to simply destroy the elephant’s independent spirit and instill fear to such a degree that the elephant is too terrified to ever disobey or retaliate.
Does any elephant enjoy giving rides?
No. Besides the physical and mental abuse that an elephant faces to become rideable, the very act of riding with a howdah and passengers is also physically torturous to the elephant. It may seem innocuous considering the large size of an elephant, but the protruding spine of the elephant is often forced to bear the entire weight of the howdah, the mahout and the tourists, resulting in excessive pressure on the spine, which leads to deformities, wounds and permanent disabilities. These elephants often develop burns, sores and wounds from the ropes that tie the carrier on, and the weight can result in them losing balance and breaking their legs — a broken leg is generally untreatable in an elephant causing permanent disability, early arthritis and painful joints or even death. The surface and inclination on which the elephant is made to walk can also lead to the wearing off of their sensitive footpads, especially if the path is rocky, tarred and prone to overheating, and if it is a hilly or an uneven terrain.
Is it legal to use elephants for rides? Are there any laws or guidelines in place to protect elephants used for rides?
There are several guidelines and laws to help ensure the welfare of elephants, but these are ignored and violated by greedy owners and handlers:
In order to use an elephant for rides, the owner must have an Ownership Certificate issued by the Forest Department, with all the details of the elephants’ name, sex, place of origin, microchip etc. and can only have been issued during the stipulated periods after the enactment of the Wildlife Protection Act, 1972 or the guidelines issued by Project Elephant. Different states in India have different rules for using elephants for rides — for example, elephants giving rides in Kerala are required to hold a performing animal permit from the Animal Welfare Board of India, while in Rajasthan, the use of the bull-hook and the use of bull elephants for rides is prohibited.
Project Elephant has stipulated guidelines on the working and housing conditions necessary for the maintenance and upkeep of an elephant in captivity, including those that give rides, but these are never enforced nor is there mechanism in place for regular inspection unless a formal complaint is lodged.
Unfortunately, it is still legal to use an elephant for rides, if the owner has proper documents in place and adheres to the stipulated guidelines.
How do I know that the place I am visiting treats its elephants well?
Any facility that offers rides to tourists is abusing the elephants to keep them controllable while it is being ridden or painted over by humans. Instead look for shelters that house rescued animals, that do not offer rides to tourists, and in fact work towards sensitizing public about issues related to wildlife conservation and welfare or Sanctuaries and National Parks where you can see wild elephants.
That said, however, beware because many private and abusive elephant tourist spots will claim to be sanctuaries/rescue centers. They make false claims that their elephants are rescued, when in fact they are merely purchased and further exploited for tourist entertainment and other exploitation such as parades and temple ceremonies.